It is a marble altar dedicated in 9 BC by emperor Augustus to Peace to commemorate the glorious exploits of the provinces of Spain and Gaul. It was built along the Via Flaminia, on the border of the Campo Marzio , but the flood of the river Tiber, soon led to the burial of the Ara, whose memory was. In , in view of the anniversary of the two thousandth anniversary of the birth of Augustus, it was decided the reconstruction entrusting archaeologist Giuseppe Moretti.
Mussolini himself decided to put the Ara Pacis in a pavilion and place it near the Mausoleum of Augustus, between Ripetta and the Tiber in Augusta. The Ara Pacis is made up of a fence almost square marble, high on low podium, in the long sides of which two gates. The surface of the enclosure is fully embellished with relief decorations. Inside of the walls there were wreaths in relief while all' outside the wall is decorated on two levels: the lower one shows plant motifs, the top shows reliefs with allegorical figures. In the side walls depicts the Emperor Augustus that participates in a procession with all his family, during the day of 'inauguration of the Ara Pacis.
The two panels of the main side represent the Lupercal and the Sacrifice of Aeneas Penates. Of this scene there are only a few fragments, but that allow us to reconstruct the legendary founding of Rome. Today the Museum of Pacis is the first work of architecture built in the historic center of Rome since the fall of fascism in our day. On 21 April , on the occasion of the birth of Rome, the complex steel, travertine, glass and stucco was shown to the public.
The Ara Pacis Museum is designed in view of the preservation of the monument, both from the environmental point of view and in the earthquake-proof system. A perfect starting point for exploring the wonders that Rome offers its visitors. You can book tours to the Pantheon. The appointment with our tour guide will be in front of the Basilica of Santa Maria ad Martyrs.
The route will be curious and unusual. A journey through the history, legends and fantasy. The history of the Pantheon is tied to supernatural events. According to legend, the temple stands at the place where Romulus was seized by an eagle and taken to heaven among the gods. The Pantheon is dedicated to all the Roman gods, past, present and future. The name derives from two Greek words pan, "all" and theon "gods". It is the best preserved Roman temple. The temple has the largest dome in the history of architecture and is considered the forerunner of all modern places of worship.
In antiquity it was the work most imitated.
The building is inscribed in a perfect sphere. The height is equal to its diameter and measuring 43,44 m to 43,44 m. Upon entering you will be struck by a beam of light that illuminates the entire building.
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It filters through the circular opening on the top of the dome. In case of rain, the water enters the building and then disappears in the 22 holes of the floor. The first construction of the Pantheon is due to Agrippa. It was built between 27 and 25 BD. The current phase is due to Emperor Hadrian between and AD.
The dome had to call up the sky. Inside, the space is divided into three naves. When the Roman Empire fell the Pantheon was abandoned. Subsequently also had the function of fort. Later it had the function of the shrine of the king of Italy. Visit the famous sights of the city of Rome. Book your guided tour. Start your tour at Piazza Venezia and discover the history of the capital of the Roman Empire. Along the way the tour guide will tell you stories and historical anecdotes of the many fountains, palaces and squares hidden in every corner of the city.
You will begin your visit to Piazza Venezia. It is one of the most famous squares of the city of Rome. The current appearance of the square dates from the late ' and early ' This monument was built in by Giuseppe Sacconi.
It is not very pleasing to the Romans. Here are the remains of the Unknown Soldier, in memory of the fallen soldiers during the First World War have never been identified. The monument has a neoclassic style. It is inspired by Pergamon Altar and the Temple of Palestrina. The space is designed as a setting that celebrates the period of the Italian Renaissance.
For the realization of the complex were demolished older buildings including the monastery dell'Aracoeli, the Tower of Paul III, and the splendid residence of the Torlonia. The square is also home to the Palazzo Venezia, the former papal seat, from which during Carnival, Pope Julius II watched the horse race barbs, which took place along the Via del Corso. Up to served as the embassy of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, later the building was confiscated by the state.
In Benito Mussolini chose it as the seat of government. Just in the raised platform in the center of the square Alberto Sordi played the role of finicky policeman Othello Collar in the movie The Fighter. Valle Murcia, located between the Palatine Hill and the Aventine Hill, was designed for chariot races. Here was built the Circus Maximus. It is the greatest of Roman circus. Book your guided tour of the Circus Maximus!
You will enter one of the most famous places of the city Rome. The Circus Maximus is one of the greatest buildings of all time. He has exceptional size. He was one of the places most frequented by the Romans coming to contain up to , people. Today looks like a large lawn in the center of the city of Rome.
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Formerly it was a rectangular building with two short sides curved. It was surrounded by bleachers.
Shops, taverns and stalls surrounded the area of racing. At the center there was a plug, longitudinal structure around which the chariots raced. The plug was embellished with two Egyptian obelisks, shrines and temples. Seven eggs and seven bronze dolphins were used to count the laps. Twelve four-horse chariots were making seven laps around the area to ride.
The departure took place on the short side. Here were placed the starting gate. Four teams participated in the competition.
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The races could get up to per day. The Circus Maximus is connected to the origins of the city of Rome. According to legend, here would come the rape of the Sabine Women.
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The first wooden building was built by King Tarquinius Priscus in the seventh century. Julius Caesar built the brick building. Emperor Augustus moved there the obelisk of Ramesses II. He built the "imperial stage" and a shrine dedicated to the deity who presided over the shows. It was enlarged by Emperor Caracalla and then restored from Emperor Constantine.
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Today, it is visible in Piazza San Giovanni. The last games were held in AD by Totila, king of the Goths. Avoid long waiting in front of the ticket office and enjoy your time visiting ancient Rome. Book your guided tour of the Colosseum! You will not regret!
The Colosseum is the largest amphitheater in the Roman Empire.
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It is the most important symbol of Rome and each year welcomes thousands of visitors. In ancient times it was called the Flavian Amphitheatre. The name Colosseum is widespread in the Middle Ages for its proximity to the statue of the Colossus of Nero. It stands on the pond dried up the Domus Aurea. To the east of the Roman Forum.
This amphitheater was able to accommodate up to 70, spectators.